About Mangla Gauri Temple in Gaya, Bihar
The temple is located high on the top of the Mangla Gauri hill in Gaya in Bihar. It faces the East, and the rays of the rising sun fall directly on the face of the temple every morning. A flight of steps and a motorable road leads up to the temple on the hill. The temple was built in the 15th century at the time when the Rajputs came to defend the region comprising of Gaya and Benares from the Mughals who invaded the region and tried to occupy it.
यह मंदिर बिहार के गया में मंगला गौरी पहाड़ी की चोटी पर स्थित है। यह पूर्व की ओर है, और उगते सूरज की किरणें हर सुबह मंदिर के मुख पर पड़ती हैं। कदमों की एक उड़ान और एक मोटर योग्य सड़क पहाड़ी पर मंदिर तक जाती है। मंदिर 15 वीं शताब्दी में उस समय बनाया गया था जब राजपूतों ने मुगलों से गया और बनारस के क्षेत्र का बचाव किया था जिन्होंने इस क्षेत्र पर आक्रमण किया था और इस पर कब्जा करने की कोशिश की थी।
Importance in culture and religion
It is said that a part of Goddess Shakti fell at the location of the temple dedicated to Mangla Gauri when she was dismembered by the Gods to stop God Shiva from destroying the world. The Hindus consider it as one of the eighteen different places of worship called “Maha Shakti Peeth” where various portions of the Goddess Shakti fell. The goddess is worshipped here as a symbol of benevolence. It is said that the wishes of all those who come to worship her here gets fulfilled. Various ancient scriptures like the Puranas have a mention of this temple. It is a Vaishnavite pilgrimage spot that is dedicated to Goddess Shakti who looks after the whole world in times of distress and adverse situations.
संस्कृति और धर्म में महत्व
ऐसा कहा जाता है कि देवी शक्ति का एक हिस्सा मंगला गौरी को समर्पित मंदिर के स्थान पर गिरा, जब उन्हें भगवान शिव द्वारा संसार को नष्ट करने से रोकने के लिए देवताओं द्वारा खंडित किया गया था। हिंदू इसे “महा शक्ति पीठ” कहे जाने वाले अठारह विभिन्न पूजा स्थलों में से एक मानते हैं, जहाँ देवी के विभिन्न भाग गिरे थे। देवी को यहां परोपकार के प्रतीक के रूप में पूजा जाता है। कहा जाता है कि यहां पूजा करने आने वाले सभी लोगों की मनोकामना पूरी होती है। पुराणों जैसे विभिन्न प्राचीन शास्त्रों में इस मंदिर का उल्लेख है। यह एक वैष्णव तीर्थ स्थान है जो देवी शक्ति को समर्पित है जो संकट और प्रतिकूल परिस्थितियों में पूरी दुनिया की देखभाल करता है।
The presiding deity
The main deity of this temple is Goddess Shakti, who is personified as the feminine creative power. The Hindus think that she is the source of all the dynamic forces that are present in the Universe. She is worshipped as the creator of the Universe and also the force that brings changes to the Universe. She is seen as the feminine power that was derived from the power of God Shiva when God Brahma asked for help in the creation of the Universe.
Appearance of the idol
The main temple is a very small one where only one or two persons can enter at a time. The temple has no idol of the Goddess. It is said that the breast of Goddess Shakti fell here. The shape that is worshipped here is a piece of rock that resembles a breast signifying nourishment for all creations that exist in the whole world. A flame which burns eternally in the temple lights up the formation inside of the temple.
मूर्ति का दिखना
Presence of other shrines
Worshipping the goddess
Special occasions of worship
A special worship of Goddess Shakti can be carried out on every Tuesday in the Shravan months. The worship during these months which starts from the middle of July and is the beginning of the rainy season is extremely auspicious for married women. Fasting is undertaken by the married women to bring prosperity to the family and fame to her husband. The fasting signifies that time spent by Goddess Parvati, who is another form of Goddess Shakti, before marriage to God Shiva. The worship involves sixteen types of bangles, seven types of fruits and five types of sweets. The idol or the picture of the goddess is bathed in milk, curd and water and clothed in red cloth. Mehendi, kajol and sindoor are used to decorate the idol or picture.. Then the idol or the picture is kept on a wooden plank. The fruits, sweets and the ornaments are placed before the picture after which the pooja begins. The fasting has to be done for five years continuously after which “udyapan” is carried out.